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BrainWaves: A Neurology Podcast

Dec 26, 2019

2019 was a big year. The year of the Mueller report. The American college admissions scandals. Brexit. But it was also the year the US Women's team won the World Cup, and lobbied for the equal pay of women and men in sports. It was the year of NMO, in which several pivotal trials showed benefit of disease modulating therapy in this condition. The year Will Smith played Genie in Aladdin.

2019 was a great year. And as we wrap up 2019, this week's episode includes some of the highlights. Enjoy!

Produced by James E. Siegler with support from Erika Mejia, Rajat Dhar, and the entire Siegler family. Music courtesy of Axletree, Chris Zabriskie, John Paston, Kevin Mcleod, Josh Woodward, Steve Combs, Lee Rosevere, Scott Holmes, Advent Chamber Orchestra, Coldnoise, and Pachyderm. Sound effects by Mike Koenig and Daniel Simion. BrainWaves' podcasts and online content are intended for medical education only and should not be used for clinical decision making. Be sure to follow us on Twitter @brainwavesaudio for the latest updates to the podcast.



  1. Kennedy DO, Wightman EL, Reay JL, Lietz G, Okello EJ, Wilde A and Haskell CF. Effects of resveratrol on cerebral blood flow variables and cognitive performance in humans: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover investigation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91:1590-7.
  2. Devore EE, Kang JH, Breteler MM and Grodstein F. Dietary intakes of berries and flavonoids in relation to cognitive decline. Annals of neurology. 2012;72:135-43.
  3. Norton S, Matthews FE, Barnes DE, Yaffe K and Brayne C. Potential for primary prevention of Alzheimer's disease: an analysis of population-based data. The Lancet Neurology. 2014;13:788-94.
  4. Morris MC, Tangney CC, Wang Y, Sacks FM, Barnes LL, Bennett DA and Aggarwal NT. MIND diet slows cognitive decline with aging. Alzheimers Dement. 2015;11:1015-22.
  5. Valls-Pedret C, Sala-Vila A, Serra-Mir M, Corella D, de la Torre R, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Martinez-Lapiscina EH, Fito M, Perez-Heras A, Salas-Salvado J, Estruch R and Ros E. Mediterranean Diet and Age-Related Cognitive Decline: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA internal medicine. 2015;175:1094-1103.
  6. Newman JC, Covarrubias AJ, Zhao M, Yu X, Gut P, Ng CP, Huang Y, Haldar S and Verdin E. Ketogenic Diet Reduces Midlife Mortality and Improves Memory in Aging Mice. Cell Metab. 2017;26:547-557 e8.
  7. Miller MG, Hamilton DA, Joseph JA and Shukitt-Hale B. Dietary blueberry improves cognition among older adults in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eur J Nutr. 2018;57:1169-1180.
  8. Okkersen K, Jimenez-Moreno C, Wenninger S, Daidj F, Glennon J, Cumming S, Littleford R, Monckton DG, Lochmuller H, Catt M, Faber CG, Hapca A, Donnan PT, Gorman G, Bassez G, Schoser B, Knoop H, Treweek S, van Engelen BGM and consortium O. Cognitive behavioural therapy with optional graded exercise therapy in patients with severe fatigue with myotonic dystrophy type 1: a multicentre, single-blind, randomised trial. The Lancet Neurology. 2018;17:671-680.
  9. Radd-Vagenas S, Duffy SL, Naismith SL, Brew BJ, Flood VM and Fiatarone Singh MA. Effect of the Mediterranean diet on cognition and brain morphology and function: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2018;107:389-404.
  10. Xu W, Wang H, Wan Y, Tan C, Li J, Tan L and Yu JT. Alcohol consumption and dementia risk: a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017;32:31-42.
  11. Lefevre-Arbogast S, Gaudout D, Bensalem J, Letenneur L, Dartigues JF, Hejblum BP, Feart C, Delcourt C and Samieri C. Pattern of polyphenol intake and the long-term risk of dementia in older persons. Neurology. 2018;90:e1979-e1988.
  12. Liu QP, Wu YF, Cheng HY, Xia T, Ding H, Wang H, Wang ZM and Xu Y. Habitual coffee consumption and risk of cognitive decline/dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Nutrition. 2016;32:628-36.


  1. Murch SH, Anthony A, Casson DH, Malik M, Berelowitz M, Dhillon AP, Thomson MA, Valentine A, Davies SE and Walker-Smith JA. Retraction of an interpretation. Lancet. 2004;363:750.
  2. Perry RT and Halsey NA. The clinical significance of measles: a review. The Journal of infectious diseases. 2004;189 Suppl 1:S4-16.
  3. Campbell H, Andrews N, Brown KE and Miller E. Review of the effect of measles vaccination on the epidemiology of SSPE. Int J Epidemiol. 2007;36:1334-48.
  4. Poland GA and Jacobson RM. The age-old struggle against the antivaccinationists. The New England journal of medicine. 2011;364:97-9.
  5. Maglione MA, Das L, Raaen L, Smith A, Chari R, Newberry S, Shanman R, Perry T, Goetz MB and Gidengil C. Safety of vaccines used for routine immunization of U.S. children: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2014;134:325-37.
  6. Bester JC. Measles and Measles Vaccination: A Review. JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170:1209-1215.
  7. Bester JC. Not a matter of parental choice but of social justice obligation: Children are owed measles vaccination. Bioethics. 2018;32:611-619.
  8. Fournet N, Mollema L, Ruijs WL, Harmsen IA, Keck F, Durand JY, Cunha MP, Wamsiedel M, Reis R, French J, Smit EG, Kitching A and van Steenbergen JE. Under-vaccinated groups in Europe and their beliefs, attitudes and reasons for non-vaccination; two systematic reviews. BMC Public Health. 2018;18:196.

 Trump’s tweet:


  1. Senzolo M, Ferronato C and Burra P. Neurologic complications after solid organ transplantation. Transpl Int. 2009;22:269-78.
  2. Dhar R. Neurologic complications of transplantation. Handbook of clinical neurology. 2017;141:545-572.
  3. Mateen FJ, Dierkhising RA, Rabinstein AA, van de Beek D and Wijdicks EF. Neurological complications following adult lung transplantation. Am J Transplant. 2010;10:908-14.
  4. Munoz P, Valerio M, Palomo J, Fernandez-Yanez J, Fernandez-Cruz A, Guinea J and Bouza E. Infectious and non-infectious neurologic complications in heart transplant recipients. Medicine (Baltimore). 2010;89:166-75.
  5. Wu Q, Marescaux C, Wolff V, Jeung MY, Kessler R, Lauer V and Chen Y. Tacrolimus-associated posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome after solid organ transplantation. Eur Neurol. 2010;64:169-77.
  6. Dhar R, Young GB and Marotta P. Perioperative neurological complications after liver transplantation are best predicted by pre-transplant hepatic encephalopathy. Neurocritical care. 2008;8:253-8.