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Feb 19, 2018

Foot turning in when you walk? Hand cramping up when you write? It could just be you, or it could be a dystonia. History and exam findings in dystonia range from slight abnormalities in posturing to disabling tremors, but there are some clues that can help you identify this movement disorder. Drs. Andres Deik and David Coughlin share their experience in this week's brief episode.

Produced by James E. Siegler. Music by Little Glass Men and the Philadelphia String Quartet. BrainWaves' podcasts and online content are intended for medical education only and should not be used for clinical decision making.


  1. Albanese A, Bhatia K, Bressman SB, DeLong MR, Fahn S, Fung VS, Hallett M, Jankovic J, Jinnah HA, Klein C, Lang AE. Phenomenology and classification of dystonia: a consensus update. Movement Disorders. 2013 Jun 15;28(7):863-73.
  2. Albanese A, Barnes MP, Bhatia KP, Fernandez‐Alvarez E, Filippini G, Gasser T, Krauss JK, Newton A, Rektor I, Savoiardo M, Valls‐Solè J. A systematic review on the diagnosis and treatment of primary (idiopathic) dystonia and dystonia plus syndromes: report of an EFNS/MDS‐ES task force. European journal of neurology. 2006 May 1;13(5):433-44.


Andres Deik has received consulting royalties from Adamas therapeutics, Teva pharmaceuticals, ITF Pharma, and Cynapsus Therapeutics. His research has been funded in part by Cynapsus therapeutics and The Dystonia Coalition. David Coughlin, like Jim Siegler, has no competing financial interests to disclose.