Feb 23, 2017
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, also known as the pseudotumor cerebri syndrome, is characterized by elevated intracranial pressure with clinical features of headaches, vision impairment, and occasionally cranial nerve palsies in the absence of a structural lesion on neuroimaging. But that doesn't mean the neuroimaging has to be normal. See what Dr. Anita Kohli has to say about the radiographic correlates of IIH, their relevance, and their prognostic utility in this week's episode. BrainWaves podcasts and online content are intended for medical education only and should not be used to guide medical decision making in routine clinical practice. REFERENCES 1. Friedman DI, Liu GT and Digre KB. Revised diagnostic criteria for the pseudotumor cerebri syndrome in adults and children. Neurology. 2013;81:1159-65. 2. Bidot S and Bruce BB. Update on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. Semin Neurol. 2015;35:527-38. 3. Agid R, Farb RI, Willinsky RA, Mikulis DJ and Tomlinson G. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension: the validity of cross-sectional neuroimaging signs. Neuroradiology. 2006;48:521-7. 4. Bidot S, Saindane AM, Peragallo JH, Bruce BB, Newman NJ and Biousse V. Brain Imaging in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. J Neuroophthalmol. 2015;35:400-11. 5. Bidot S, Clough L, Saindane AM, Newman NJ, Biousse V and Bruce BB. The Optic Canal Size Is Associated With the Severity of Papilledema and Poor Visual Function in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension. J Neuroophthalmol. 2016;36:120-5. 6. Zagardo MT, Cail WS, Kelman SE and Rothman MI. Reversible empty sella in idiopathic intracranial hypertension: an indicator of successful therapy? AJNR American journal of neuroradiology. 1996;17:1953-6.