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BrainWaves: A Neurology Podcast


Jul 12, 2018

It seems like a new antibody in autoimmune central nervous system disorders is being discovered every day. Well, maybe not that frequently. But autoimmune encephalitis may now be as common as infectious encephalitis. In this week's program, we revisit an episode from 2016 where Dr. Ramani Balu (neurocritical care) shares his experience in evaluating and managing patients with these conditions.

Produced by James E. Siegler. Music by Three Chain Links, Lee Rosevere, and Kevin McLeod. Sound effects by Mike Koenig. Voiceover by Erika Mejia. BrainWaves' podcasts and online content are intended for medical education only and should not be used for clinical decision making.

REFERENCES

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2. Schmitt SE, Pargeon K, Frechette ES, Hirsch LJ, Dalmau J and Friedman D. Extreme delta brush: a unique EEG pattern in adults with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. Neurology. 2012;79:1094-100.

3. Lancaster E, Martinez-Hernandez E and Dalmau J. Encephalitis and antibodies to synaptic and neuronal cell surface proteins. Neurology. 2011;77:179-89.

4. Rosenfeld MR and Dalmau JO. Paraneoplastic disorders of the CNS and autoimmune synaptic encephalitis. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2012;18:366-83.

5. Titulaer MJ, McCracken L, Gabilondo I, Armangue T, Glaser C, Iizuka T, Honig LS, Benseler SM, Kawachi I, Martinez-Hernandez E, Aguilar E, Gresa-Arribas N, Ryan-Florance N, Torrents A, Saiz A, Rosenfeld MR, Balice-Gordon R, Graus F and Dalmau J. Treatment and prognostic factors for long-term outcome in patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis: an observational cohort study. The Lancet Neurology. 2013;12:157-65.

6. Irani SR, Michell AW, Lang B, Pettingill P, Waters P, Johnson MR, Schott JM, Armstrong RJ, A SZ, Bleasel A, Somerville ER, Smith SM and Vincent A. Faciobrachial dystonic seizures precede Lgi1 antibody limbic encephalitis. Annals of neurology. 2011;69:892-900.

7. Dubey D, Pittock SJ, Kelly CR, McKeon A, Lopez-Chiriboga AS, Lennon VA, Gadoth A, Smith CY, Bryant SC, Klein CJ, Aksamit AJ, Toledano M, Boeve BF, Tillema JM and Flanagan EP. Autoimmune encephalitis epidemiology and a comparison to infectious encephalitis. Annals of neurology. 2018;83:166-177.